Arthur Cowell Stark was born at Torquay, Devon in 1866, the eldest son of John Cowell Stark and Ann Wilkinson. Arthur. His father was a successful ironmonger and sometime manufacturer of teak furniture.
Freya Madeline Stark was born on January 31, 1893 at Paris, France, the eldest daughter of Robert and Flora Stark. Flora was Italian born,and it was there, two years later that Freya’s younger sister, Vera, was born. Her childhood years were divided between the hill towns of northern Italy and the moors of southwest England. (Mother and daughters can be found at Chagford, Devon in the 1901 census).