James Scott, Duke of Monmouth and Buccleuch, was born on April 9th 1649, the illegitimate son of Charles II. He married Anne Scott, countess of Buccleuch, whose name he adopted, and was created a duke in 1663. Monmouth became captain-general of the armed forces in 1678.
Robert Smith, M.D., founded, in 1725, a school at Blackdown for the education of thirteen boys of Broadwinsor and Burstock. He endowed it with lands in the tithing of Childhay. Among the objects of the founder was the teaching of Hebrew, Greek, and Latin, an ambitious curriculum in a rural locality where the pure mother tongue and the Three R’s are more obviously useful.
After the battle of Worcester on September 3rd 1651, the future King Charles II fled from the field attempting to reach the continent of Europe. Heading south he arrived in West Dorset. Even though he was only in the county for about three days, almost every town and village has a story relating to this episode in English history.