Charles Joseph Theophilus Hambro was was born on October 2, 1834 at Copenhagen, Denmark the eldest son of the banker Charles Joachim Hambro of Milton Abbey, Dorset and Roehampton, Surrey. He became a British subject when his father, through a private Act of Parliament, was naturalized on August 10, 1843
Because of his assistance to the Danish Crown Charles Joachim Hambro was created Baron Hambro of Denmark on April 8, 1851 and as eldest son Charles became heir apparent to the Baronecy.
On November 25, 1854 Charles Joseph Theophilus Hambro, Gent., was commissioned a Cornet in the County of Dorset Queen’s Own Regiment of Yeomanry Cavalry by an order signed by the Lord Lieutenant of Dorset
Charles was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge and on April 20, 1857 was admitted as a student of the Inner Temple. In the same year on December 15 he married Susan Amelia Yorke, daughter of the Venerable and Honourable Henry Reginald Yorke, archdeacon of Huntingdon.
On April 16, 1861 Charles was promoted to Lieutenant in the Dorset Yeomanry and on the 30th of the same month called to the bar.
Following his fathers death on November 19, 1877 Charles succeeded to the Danish Baronecy and was at various times a Justice of the Peace, Deputy Lieutenant for Dorset, High Sheriff of Dorset, Deputy-Provincial Grand Master of Freemasons and Colonel Commandant of the Queen’s Own Dorset Yeomanry Cavalry
In his political career Charles was a Liberal Conservative Member of Parliament for Weymouth and Melcombe Regis from 1868 to 1874, and for Dorset South from 1886 to 1891.
Charles Joseph Theophilus Hambro M.A., M.P. died on April 11, 1891 at Monte Carlo.