In November 1868 the Schools Inquiry Commission published the Special Reports of Assistant Commissioners to both Houses of Parliament. The Assistant Commissioner for the South West Division was Mr. C.H. Stanton and it is his report on the Litton School at Litton Cheney, Dorset which follows.
MR. STANTON’S REPORT.
Half-way between Dorchester and Bridport, approached from the main road by deep lanes, often not more than six or seven feet wide, at the base of the southern slope of the great chalk range which stretches from the Isle of Purbeck to Bridport, lies the village of Litton Cheney, containing 500 inhabitants and 3,817 acres. A brook of the purest water bursts from the hill and runs through the village.
Robert Thorner, by his will in 1690, appointed £20 per annum to be paid towards the maintenance of a free school to teach the male children of Litton Cheney to read, write, cast accounts, and grammar, from the age of 6 to 15; and the foundation was augmented by the gift of a schoolhouse in 1776 by Thomas Hollis. There is also an apprenticing fund, forming part of Thorner’s charity, and established by his will, whereby boys from this parish as well as from Salisbury, Dorchester, and Southampton, are entitled to £5 as an apprentice fee, and £5 more when they are set up in trade.
The founder nominated his own trustees, and directed that they should each nominate his own successor.
The present trustees are three in number and all Nonconformists and non-resident; one, a dissenting minister, resides at Southampton, and the two other gentlemen arc laymen and reside in London. A gentleman, a dissenter, lately a wine merchant at Dorchester, who takes an interest in school matters, at the request of the trustees, manages for them whatever business may require personal attention at Litton. The trustees are allowed by the founder £10 a year for their trouble; a sum which might with advantage be given up to increase the small endowment. The present master is a worthy old man, old fashioned in his notions of teaching, and has occupied his post for 30 years; he had been a schoolmaster before he was elected here. He was assisted by his wife and by his grandson, a lad of 13, in the school. There was no other teacher. No attendance book nor any record of the boys’ work was kept. The schoolroom is 27 feet by 18 feet, and. 10 feet high; the windows and the fire-place are the only means of ventilation. Three girls, private pupils of the mistress, were being taught there; five very little boys were also among the scholars. Altogether there were 28 present when I visited the school. More than half of them were labourers’ children, but there were a few of a higher class, such as a policeman, tailor, or blacksmith. Farmers’ sons also came occasionally, but at present there are said to be none in the parish of the proper age. They were all very young—with one exception under 12. Many of them, to use their own formula, were “going in their 8 or 9.”
I cannot speak favourably of their attainments. There was hardly one in the upper part of the school who could read with sufficient plainness for me to understand him without following the words myself in a book, and their dictation was very bad. Very few attempted any sum beyond the addition of money, and still fewer could divide £73 by 365. An attempt of the boys in the middle of the school to write out from memory the Lord’s Prayer was lamentable, the letters in many cases representing a conglomeration of sounds only faintly recalling the original. Some of them could do simple multiplication.
The master receives £25 a year in money. He occupies a tolerably large house or cottage, half of which he lets off to another family. He once took eight boarders at £16 each, but found it unprofitable, and has discontinued it. He occupies about two acres adjoining the house rent free, which belongs to the charity, on condition that he keeps the premises in repair. The slates ‘and the plastering of the roof were in a bad condition when I visited the house.
he trustees live at too great a distance to see much of. the school. There are no examinations. For four years together the master only saw one trustee and on one occasion. I understand that the predecessor of the present master was an Unitarian; a Kentish gardener, who, by violent preaching and still more violent temper, disgusted the parish and emptied the school.
In 1838, the stipend of £25 being considered, as in fact it is, wholly insufficient for the payment of a competent master, the trustees promulgated a notice that they intended to raise his salary by the imposition of a capitation fee upon those boys whose parents could afford to pay it. The parish rose in arms against this, considering that by the terms of the will the richest as “well as the poorest were entitled to a free education, and that this attempt of the trustees was entirely ultra vires. The parishioners seem to have had no objection to the principle of the proposed charge, but only to the manner, of making it; for at a vestry meeting held April 23, 1838, it was agreed “that all persons above the class of common labourers should, by a voluntary payment, contribute 3s. per quarter for the instruction of each child, and, that this should not grow into a customary right, this document was to be entered into the ” vestry book repeatedly every year.” This agreement was signed by 19 of the principal inhabitants. Under this authority, the head master now receives 3s. every quarter from each of about 13 children.
The existence of this school in the parish renders it impossible to establish a National school. The present head master attend the parish church, and works well with the rector, who speaks of him highly, and who pays him £5 a year for holding a night school on two days in the week.
It is unnecessary, perhaps, to say that the rector has no authority whatever in the school; he is never consulted as to what boys in the parish are deserving objects for the apprentice fee, and any interference on his part would be regarded with jealousy. An application made by him to the trustees for the use of their schoolroom on Sunday when it was disengaged for his Sunday school, was refused. The rector now holds his Sunday school in a room he has fitted up for the purpose at his own house
There is no day school for girls in the parish, who are obliged to attend the schools of the neighbouring villages, several of which, though smaller than Litton, have good parochial schools. Were it not for its “endowed grammar” school, a good parish school would also probably be found at Litton Cheney.